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Table of Contents

 
UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549
 

FORM 10-Q
 
      QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
 
For the Quarterly Period Ended September 29, 2019
or 
        TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the transition period from __________ to __________ 
Commission file number 001-34460
 
 
KRATOS DEFENSE & SECURITY SOLUTIONS, INC.
(Exact name of Registrant as specified in its charter)
Delaware
13-3818604
(State or other jurisdiction of
incorporation or organization)
(I.R.S. Employer Identification No.)
10680 Treena St., Suite 600
San Diego, CA 92131
(858812-7300
(Address, including zip code, and telephone number, including
area code, of registrant’s principal executive offices)

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:
Title of each class
Trading Symbol(s)
Name of each exchange on which registered
Common Stock, $0.001 par value
KTOS
The NASDAQ Global Select Market

 
 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.   Yes ý  No o
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (Section 232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files).   Yes ý  No o
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company,” and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.
Large accelerated filer
ý
Accelerated filer
 
 
 
 
Non-accelerated filer
Smaller reporting company
 
 
 
 
 
 
Emerging growth company
If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act.  o
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).   Yes   No 
As of November 1, 2019, 106,269,609 shares of the registrant’s common stock were outstanding.
 


Table of Contents

KRATOS DEFENSE & SECURITY SOLUTIONS, INC.
 
FORM 10-Q
 
FOR THE QUARTERLY PERIOD ENDED SEPTEMBER 29, 2019
 
INDEX
 
 
Page
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

2

Table of Contents

PART I. FINANCIAL INFORMATION

Item 1.  Financial Statements.
KRATOS DEFENSE & SECURITY SOLUTIONS, INC.
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS
 (in millions, except par value and number of shares)
 
September 29, 2019
 
 
 
(Unaudited)
 
December 30, 2018
Assets
 

 
 

Current assets:
 

 
 

Cash and cash equivalents
$
181.0

 
$
182.7

Restricted cash

 
0.3

Accounts receivable, net
65.6

 
64.6

Unbilled receivables, net
176.2

 
172.8

Inventoried costs
68.2

 
46.8

Prepaid expenses
10.1

 
8.9

Other current assets
9.9

 
10.3

Current assets of discontinued operations
4.6

 
8.3

Total current assets
515.6

 
494.7

Property, plant and equipment, net
115.7

 
67.1

Operating lease right-of-use assets
44.8

 

Goodwill
458.1

 
425.7

Intangible assets, net
37.8

 
16.1

Other assets
6.3

 
6.5

Total assets
$
1,178.3

 
$
1,010.1

Liabilities and Stockholders Equity
 

 
 

Current liabilities:
 

 
 

Accounts payable
$
42.4

 
$
46.6

Accrued expenses
39.0

 
38.1

Accrued compensation
36.2

 
33.5

Accrued interest
6.5

 
1.6

Billings in excess of costs and earnings on uncompleted contracts
34.0

 
34.9

Current portion of operating lease liabilities
10.9

 

Other current liabilities
8.9

 
4.7

Current liabilities of discontinued operations
3.6

 
5.3

Total current liabilities
181.5

 
164.7

Long-term debt principal, net of current portion
294.8

 
294.2

Operating lease liabilities, net of current portion
39.5

 

Other long-term liabilities
77.5

 
25.5

Long-term liabilities of discontinued operations
2.8

 
6.4

Total liabilities
596.1

 
490.8

Commitments and contingencies


 


Redeemable noncontrolling interest (Note 12)
15.5

 

Stockholders equity:
 

 
 

Preferred stock, $0.001 par value, 5,000,000 shares authorized, 0 shares outstanding at September 29, 2019 and December 30, 2018

 

Common stock, $0.001 par value, 195,000,000 shares authorized; 106,269,609 and 103,766,899 shares issued and outstanding at September 29, 2019 and December 30, 2018, respectively

 

Additional paid-in capital
1,282.7

 
1,244.5

Accumulated other comprehensive loss
(1.0
)
 
(0.7
)
Accumulated deficit
(715.0
)
 
(724.5
)
Total stockholders equity
566.7

 
519.3

Total liabilities and stockholders equity
$
1,178.3

 
$
1,010.1

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these condensed consolidated financial statements.

3

Table of Contents

KRATOS DEFENSE & SECURITY SOLUTIONS, INC.
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS AND COMPREHENSIVE INCOME (LOSS)
(in millions, except per share amounts)
 (Unaudited)
 
Three Months Ended
 
Nine Months Ended
 
September 29, 2019
 
September 30, 2018
 
September 29, 2019
 
September 30, 2018
Service revenues
$
70.8

 
$
54.9

 
$
207.1

 
$
147.9

Product sales
113.3

 
104.5

 
325.3

 
305.7

Total revenues
184.1

 
159.4

 
532.4

 
453.6

Cost of service revenues
50.2

 
34.3

 
142.8

 
100.4

Cost of product sales
85.3

 
81.0

 
248.0

 
229.0

Total costs
135.5

 
115.3

 
390.8

 
329.4

Gross profit
48.6

 
44.1

 
141.6

 
124.2

Selling, general and administrative expenses
32.5

 
29.5

 
97.7

 
89.4

Merger and acquisition expenses
0.1

 

 
1.9

 

Research and development expenses
4.6

 
4.4

 
13.0

 
11.6

Restructuring expenses and other
(0.1
)
 
0.1

 
0.3

 
3.5

Operating income from continuing operations
11.5

 
10.1

 
28.7

 
19.7

Other expense:
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

Interest expense, net
(5.4
)
 
(5.0
)
 
(16.2
)
 
(15.8
)
Other expense, net
(0.7
)
 
(0.3
)
 
(1.1
)
 
(0.6
)
Total other expense, net
(6.1
)
 
(5.3
)
 
(17.3
)
 
(16.4
)
Income from continuing operations before income taxes
5.4

 
4.8

 
11.4

 
3.3

Provision for income taxes from continuing operations
2.8

 
3.4

 
3.8

 
4.4

Income (loss) from continuing operations
2.6

 
1.4

 
7.6

 
(1.1
)
Discontinued operations
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Income (loss) from operations of discontinued component

 
0.5

 
2.4

 
(9.1
)
Income tax benefit (expense)

 
(0.2
)
 

 
2.0

Income (loss) from discontinued operations

 
0.3

 
2.4

 
(7.1
)
Net income (loss)
2.6

 
1.7

 
10.0

 
(8.2
)
Less: Net income attributable to noncontrolling interest
0.1

 

 
0.5

 

Net income (loss) attributable to Kratos
$
2.5

 
$
1.7

 
$
9.5

 
$
(8.2
)
Basic income (loss) per common share attributable to Kratos:
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

Income (loss) from continuing operations
$
0.02

 
$
0.01

 
$
0.07

 
$
(0.01
)
Income (loss) from discontinued operations

 
0.01

 
0.02

 
(0.07
)
Net income (loss) per common share
$
0.02

 
$
0.02

 
$
0.09

 
$
(0.08
)
Diluted income (loss) per common share attributable to Kratos:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Income (loss) from continuing operations
$
0.02

 
$
0.01

 
$
0.07

 
$
(0.01
)
Income (loss) from discontinued operations

 
0.01

 
0.02

 
(0.07
)
Net income (loss) per common share
$
0.02

 
$
0.02

 
$
0.09

 
$
(0.08
)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Weighted average common shares outstanding:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Basic
106.5

 
103.9

 
105.8

 
103.8

Diluted
109.9

 
106.4

 
109.0

 
103.8

Comprehensive Income (Loss)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Net income (loss) (from above)
$
2.6

 
$
1.7

 
$
10.0

 
$
(8.2
)
Change in cumulative translation adjustment
(0.2
)
 

 
(0.3
)
 

Comprehensive income (loss)
2.4

 
1.7

 
9.7

 
(8.2
)
Less: Comprehensive income attributable to noncontrolling interest
0.1

 

 
0.5

 

Comprehensive income (loss) attributable to Kratos
$
2.3

 
$
1.7

 
$
9.2

 
$
(8.2
)
 
The accompanying notes are an integral part of these condensed consolidated financial statements.

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KRATOS DEFENSE & SECURITY SOLUTIONS, INC.
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY
For the three months ended September 30, 2018 and September 29, 2019
(in millions)
(Unaudited)

 
 
Redeemable Noncontrolling Interest
 
Common Stock
 
Additional Paid-In Capital
 
Accumulated Other Comprehensive Loss
 
Accumulated Deficit
 
Total Stockholders’ Equity
 
 
 
Shares
 
Amounts
 
 
 
 
Balance July 1, 2018
 
$

 
103.5

 
$

 
$
1,238.8

 
$
(1.4
)
 
$
(730.9
)
 
$
506.5

Stock-based compensation
 

 

 

 
1.7

 

 

 
1.7

Issuance of common stock for employee stock purchase plan, options and warrants
 

 
0.3

 

 
1.9

 

 

 
1.9

Restricted stock issued and related taxes
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net income
 

 

 

 

 

 
1.7

 
1.7

Other comprehensive income, net of tax
 

 

 

 

 
0.1

 

 
0.1

Balance, September 30, 2018
 
$

 
103.8

 
$

 
$
1,242.4

 
$
(1.3
)
 
$
(729.2
)
 
$
511.9

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

 
 
Redeemable Noncontrolling Interest
 
Common Stock
 
Additional Paid-In Capital
 
Accumulated Other Comprehensive Loss
 
Accumulated Deficit
 
Total Stockholders’ Equity
 
 
 
Shares
 
Amounts
 
 
 
 
Balance, June 30, 2019
 
$
15.4

 
105.9

 
$

 
$
1,277.8

 
$
(0.8
)
 
$
(717.5
)
 
$
559.5

Stock-based compensation
 

 

 

 
2.8

 

 

 
2.8

Issuance of common stock for employee stock purchase plan, options and warrants
 

 
0.3

 

 
2.2

 

 

 
2.2

Restricted stock issued and related taxes
 

 
0.1

 

 
(0.1
)
 

 

 
(0.1
)
Net income
 
0.1

 

 

 

 

 
2.5

 
2.5

Other comprehensive income (loss), net of tax
 

 

 

 

 
(0.2
)
 

 
(0.2
)
Balance, September 29, 2019
 
$
15.5

 
106.3

 
$

 
$
1,282.7

 
$
(1.0
)
 
$
(715.0
)
 
$
566.7

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these condensed consolidated financial statements.

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KRATOS DEFENSE & SECURITY SOLUTIONS, INC.
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY
For the nine months ended September 30, 2018 and September 29, 2019
(in millions)
(Unaudited)
 
 
Redeemable Noncontrolling Interest
 
Common Stock
 
Additional Paid-In Capital
 
Accumulated Other Comprehensive Loss
 
Accumulated Deficit
 
Total Stockholders’ Equity
 
 
 
Shares
 
Amounts
 
 
 
 
Balance, December 31, 2017
 
$

 
103.3

 
$

 
$
1,233.7

 
$
(1.4
)
 
$
(720.8
)
 
$
511.5

Impact from the adoption of ASC 606
 

 

 

 

 

 
(0.2
)
 
(0.2
)
Stock-based compensation
 

 

 

 
5.1

 

 

 
5.1

Issuance of common stock for employee stock purchase plan, options and warrants
 

 
0.5

 

 
3.7

 

 

 
3.7

Restricted stock issued and related taxes
 

 

 

 
(0.1
)
 

 

 
(0.1
)
Net loss
 

 

 

 

 

 
(8.2
)
 
(8.2
)
Other comprehensive income (loss), net of tax
 

 

 

 

 
0.1

 

 
0.1

Balance, September 30, 2018
 
$

 
103.8

 
$

 
$
1,242.4

 
$
(1.3
)
 
$
(729.2
)
 
$
511.9

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

 
 
Redeemable Noncontrolling Interest
 
Common Stock
 
Additional Paid-In Capital
 
Accumulated Other Comprehensive Loss
 
Accumulated Deficit
 
Total Stockholders’ Equity
 
 
 
Shares
 
Amounts
 
 
 
 
Balance, December 30, 2018
 
$

 
103.8

 
$

 
$
1,244.5

 
$
(0.7
)
 
$
(724.5
)
 
$
519.3

Stock-based compensation
 

 

 

 
8.2

 

 

 
8.2

Issuance of common stock for employee stock purchase plan, options and warrants
 

 
0.5

 

 
3.9

 

 

 
3.9

Restricted stock issued and related taxes
 

 
0.2

 

 
(0.9
)
 

 

 
(0.9
)
Issuance of common stock for acquisitions
 

 
1.8

 

 
27.0

 

 

 
27.0

Net income
 
0.5

 

 

 

 

 
9.5

 
9.5

Other comprehensive loss, net of tax
 

 

 

 

 
(0.3
)
 

 
(0.3
)
Changes in noncontrolling interest
 
15.0

 

 

 

 

 

 

Balance, September 29, 2019
 
$
15.5

 
106.3

 
$

 
$
1,282.7

 
$
(1.0
)
 
$
(715.0
)
 
$
566.7

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these condensed consolidated financial statements.


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KRATOS DEFENSE & SECURITY SOLUTIONS, INC.
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS
(in millions)
(Unaudited)
 
Nine Months Ended
 
September 29, 2019
 
September 30, 2018
Operating activities:
 

 
 
Net income (loss)
$
10.0

 
$
(8.2
)
Income (loss) from discontinued operations
2.4

 
(7.1
)
Income (loss) from continuing operations
7.6

 
(1.1
)
Adjustments to reconcile income (loss) from continuing operations to net cash provided by operating activities from continuing operations:
 

 
 

Depreciation and amortization
16.8

 
13.6

Amortization of lease right-of-use assets
8.7

 

Stock-based compensation
8.2

 
5.1

Deferred income taxes
(4.1
)
 
0.5

Amortization of deferred financing costs
0.7

 
0.7

Provision for doubtful accounts

 
0.4

Changes in assets and liabilities, net of acquisitions:
 

 
 

Accounts receivable
7.4

 
13.8

Unbilled receivables
2.0

 
(29.2
)
Inventoried costs
(10.3
)
 
0.9

Prepaid expenses and other assets
(0.2
)
 
(4.2
)
Operating lease liabilities
(3.1
)
 

Accounts payable
(6.5
)
 
8.2

Accrued expenses
(0.3
)
 
(1.0
)
Accrued compensation
0.9

 
2.0

Advance payments received on contracts

 
(0.6
)
Accrued interest
4.8

 
4.8

Billings in excess of costs and earnings on uncompleted contracts
(2.8
)
 
(1.3
)
Income tax receivable and payable
1.7

 
(0.8
)
Other liabilities
(1.3
)
 
3.6

Net cash provided by operating activities from continuing operations
30.2

 
15.4

Investing activities:
 

 
 

Cash paid for acquisitions, net of cash acquired
(17.6
)
 
(2.9
)
Capital expenditures
(17.9
)
 
(17.9
)
Proceeds from sale of assets
0.3

 
67.0

Net cash provided by (used in) investing activities from continuing operations
(35.2
)
 
46.2

Financing activities:
 
 
 

Debt issuance costs

 
(0.1
)
Expenses from the issuance of common stock

 
(1.1
)
Repayment of debt

 
(0.8
)
Payments under finance leases
(0.4
)
 

Proceeds from exercise of restricted stock units, employee stock options, and employee stock purchase plan
3.0

 
3.7

Net cash provided by financing activities from continuing operations
2.6

 
1.7

Net cash flows of continuing operations
(2.4
)
 
63.3

Net operating cash flows of discontinued operations
0.8

 
(6.4
)
Effect of exchange rate changes on cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash
(0.4
)
 
(0.3
)
Net increase (decrease) in cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash
(2.0
)
 
56.6

Cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash at beginning of period
183.0

 
130.9

Cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash at end of period
$
181.0

 
$
187.5


The accompanying notes are an integral part of these condensed consolidated financial statements.

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KRATOS DEFENSE & SECURITY SOLUTIONS, INC.
 
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
 
(Unaudited)
 
Note 1. Summary of Significant Accounting Policies
 
All references to the “Company” and “Kratos” refer to Kratos Defense & Security Solutions, Inc., a Delaware corporation, and its subsidiaries.
 
(a)
Basis of Presentation

 The information as of September 29, 2019 and for the three and nine months ended September 29, 2019 and September 30, 2018 is unaudited. The condensed consolidated balance sheet as of December 30, 2018 was derived from the Company’s audited consolidated financial statements at that date. In the opinion of management, these unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements include all adjustments, consisting of normal recurring adjustments necessary for a fair presentation of the Company’s financial position, results of operations and cash flows for the interim periods presented. The results have been prepared in accordance with the instructions to Form 10-Q and do not necessarily include all information and footnotes necessary for presentation in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the U.S. (“GAAP”). These unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements should be read in conjunction with the consolidated financial statements and the related notes included in the Company’s audited annual consolidated financial statements for the fiscal year ended December 30, 2018, included in the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K filed with the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission (the “SEC”) on February 28, 2019 (the “Form 10-K”). Interim operating results are not necessarily indicative of operating results expected in subsequent periods or for the year as a whole.

As discussed in “Acquisition” in Note 2, on February 27, 2019, the Company acquired 80.1% of the issued and outstanding shares of capital stock of Florida Turbine Technologies, Inc. (“FTT Inc.”), and 80.1% of the membership interests in FTT CORE, LLC (“FTT Core” and, together with FTT Inc.,“FTT”), for an aggregate purchase price of approximately $60 million. FTT is now the Kratos Turbine Technologies Division (the “KTT Division”), which is focused on the development and production of small, affordable, high-performance jet engines for the next generation of tactical weapon systems and tactical jet unmanned aerial systems (“UAS”). The KTT Division is included in the Kratos Government Solutions (“KGS”) Segment.

(b)
Principles of Consolidation
 
The condensed consolidated financial statements include the accounts of the Company, its 100% owned subsidiaries and its majority owned subsidiaries, FTT Inc. and FTT Core, each of which is 80.1% owned. All inter-company transactions have been eliminated in consolidation. Noncontrolling interest consists of the remaining 19.9% interest in FTT Inc. and FTT Core. See Note 12 for further information related to the redeemable noncontrolling interest.
 
(c)
Fiscal Year
 
The Company has a 52/53 week fiscal year ending on the last Sunday of the calendar year. The three month periods ended September 29, 2019 and September 30, 2018 consisted of 13-week periods. The nine month periods ended September 29, 2019 and September 30, 2018 consisted of 39-week periods. There are 52 calendar weeks in the fiscal years ending on December 29, 2019 and December 30, 2018.
 
(d)    Accounting Estimates

There have been no significant changes in the Company’s accounting estimates for the nine months ended September 29, 2019 as compared to the accounting estimates described in the Form 10-K.


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(e)    Accounting Standards Updates

In February 2016, the Financial Accounting Standards Board (“FASB”) issued ASU 2016-02 (“ASU 2016-02”), Leases, also referred to as “ASC 842”. ASU 2016-02 requires that lessees recognize assets and liabilities for the rights and obligations underlying leases with a lease term of more than one year. The amendments in this ASU are effective for annual periods beginning after December 15, 2018. In July 2018, the FASB issued ASU 2018-11, Leases; Targeted Improvements, which, among other things, allows a company to elect an optional transition method that applies the new lease requirements through a cumulative-effect adjustment in the period of adoption. The Company adopted this standard on December 31, 2018 using the optional transition method, and, as a result, did not recast prior period unaudited condensed comparative financial statements. All prior period amounts and disclosures are presented under Accounting Standards Codification Topic 840, Leases (“ASC 840”). 

The Company has revised its controls and processes to address the new lease standard and has completed the implementation and data input for its lease accounting software tool. The Company has elected the package of practical expedients, which, among other things, allows carry-forward of prior lease classifications under the prior standard. However, the Company has not elected to adopt the hindsight practical expedient and is therefore maintaining the lease terms previously determined under the prior lease standard. For all new and modified leases after adoption of ASU 2016-02, the Company has taken the component election allowing the Company to account for lease components together with non-lease components in the calculation of the lease asset and corresponding liability. Adoption of the new standard resulted in the recording of additional lease assets and lease liabilities on the unaudited condensed consolidated balance sheet. No cumulative-effect adjustment was recognized as the amount was not material, and the impact on the Company’s results of operations and cash flows was also not material. See Note 8 for additional disclosures.

In February 2018, the FASB issued ASU 2018-02 (“ASU 2018-02”), Reclassification of Certain Tax Effects from Accumulated Other Comprehensive Income (“AOCI”). ASU 2018-02 provides entities the option to reclassify tax effects to retained earnings from AOCI which are impacted by the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act of 2017. This ASU is effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2018 but early adoption is permitted. The Company adopted this standard on December 31, 2018. The Company has a full valuation allowance for all tax benefits related to AOCI, and therefore, there are no tax effects to be reclassified to retained earnings.

In June 2016, the FASB issued ASU 2016-13 (“ASU 2016-13”), Financial Instruments-Credit Losses (Topic 326): Measurement of Credit Losses on Financial Instruments. The main objective of this update is to provide financial statement users with more decision-useful information about the expected credit losses on financial instruments and other commitments to extend credit held by a reporting entity at each reporting date. To achieve this objective, the amendments in this update replace the incurred loss impairment methodology in current GAAP with a methodology that reflects expected credit losses and requires consideration of a broader range of reasonable and supportable information to inform credit loss estimates. ASU2016-13 is effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2019, including interim periods within those fiscal years. The Company is currently evaluating the impact of the adoption of ASU 2016-13 on its consolidated financial statements.

(f)
Fair Value of Financial Instruments
 
The carrying amounts and the related estimated fair values of the Company’s long-term debt financial instruments not measured at fair value on a recurring basis at September 29, 2019 and December 30, 2018 are presented in Note 10. The carrying value of all other financial instruments, including cash equivalents, accounts receivable, accounts payable, accrued expenses, billings in excess of cost and earnings on uncompleted contracts, income taxes payable and short-term debt, approximated their estimated fair values at September 29, 2019 and December 30, 2018 due to the short-term nature of these instruments.

Note 2. Acquisition

On February 27, 2019, the Company acquired 80.1% of the issued and outstanding shares of capital stock of FTT Inc., and 80.1% of the membership interests in FTT Core for an aggregate purchase price of approximately $60 million. The purchase price was $33 million in cash, with approximately $17.7 million paid at close and approximately $15.3 million to be paid over a three-year period, subject to adjustments for transaction expenses, indebtedness, cash on hand, certain amounts payable or potentially payable to employees of FTT and post-closing working capital adjustments, and 1,825,406 shares of common stock (with a value of approximately $27 million).


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FTT is a leading turbomachinery design and manufacturing company specializing in engineering, development, and testing of gas turbines, propulsion components, engine and other systems for military and commercial applications. FTT is now the KTT Division, which is focused on the development and production of small, affordable, high-performance jet engines for the next generation of tactical weapon systems and tactical jet UAS. The KTT Division is included in the KGS segment.

The excess of the purchase price over the fair value of the tangible and identifiable intangible assets acquired and liabilities assumed in the acquisition was allocated to goodwill. The goodwill represents the value the Company expects to be created by enabling it to accelerate FTT’s small engine development programs, and facilitate integration of these leading-edge engine solutions with evolving Kratos tactical systems.

Simultaneously with the execution of the Purchase Agreement among the Company and the Sellers (as defined in such agreement) (the “Purchase Agreement”) and completion of the acquisition, the Company, FTT Inc., FTT Core and the Sellers entered into an exchange agreement (the “Exchange Agreement”) pursuant to which, among other things, (i) FTT Core was converted into a Delaware corporation, (ii) beginning in January 2024, the Holders (as defined in the Exchange Agreement) will have an annual right (the “Put Right”) to sell all of the minority interests in FTT Inc. and FTT Core (the “Minority Interests”) to the Company at a purchase price based on an assumed enterprise value of 12 times the trailing 12 months EBITDA of FTT Inc., FTT Core and each of their respective subsidiaries (the “Acquired Companies”), subject to adjustment as set forth in the Exchange Agreement (the “Minority Interest Purchase Price”) (provided, however, that following certain events, including a change of control, the Put Right will be accelerated and the Minority Interest Purchase Price will be increased to 14 times the trailing 12 months EBITDA of the Acquired Companies), and (iii) beginning in January 2025, the Company will have an annual right to purchase all of the Minority Interests from the Holders at the Minority Interest Purchase Price.
The transaction has been accounted for using the acquisition method of accounting, which requires, among other things, that the assets acquired, the liabilities assumed, and the noncontrolling interest be recognized at their fair values as of the acquisition date. The fair value measurements are based primarily on significant inputs not observable in the marketplace and thus represent Level 3 measurements. The following table summarizes the allocation of the purchase price over the estimated fair values of the major assets acquired, liabilities assumed, and noncontrolling interest (in millions):

Accounts receivable
 
$
8.1

Unbilled receivables
 
5.4

Inventoried costs
 
9.2

Other current assets
 
1.8

Property and equipment
 
4.7

Intangible assets
 
26.9

Goodwill
 
26.4

  Total identifiable net assets acquired
 
82.5

Total identifiable net liabilities assumed
 
(7.5
)
  Net assets before noncontrolling interest
 
75.0

Noncontrolling interest
 
(15.0
)
  Net assets acquired, excluding cash
 
$
60.0

 
 
 


As of February 27, 2019, net liabilities include $7.5 million of current liabilities. There was no contingent purchase consideration associated with the acquisition of an 80.1% majority interest in FTT. The identifiable intangible assets include customer relationships of $16.3 million with a useful life of 13 years, in-process research and development of $8.5 million that will commence amortization at the completion of the development project, backlog of $1.6 million with a useful life of 2 years, and trade name of $0.5 million with a useful life of 2 year. Any subsequent adjustments to these fair value estimates occurring during the measurement period will result in an adjustment to goodwill. The Company also established a deferred tax liability of $6.3 million for the increase in the financial statement basis of the acquired assets of FTT and a corresponding increase in goodwill. The goodwill recorded in this transaction is not expected to be tax-deductible.

The amounts of revenue and operating loss of FTT included in the Company's condensed consolidated statement of operations for the three months ended September 29, 2019 are $16.3 million and $0.7 million, respectively. The amounts of revenue and operating income of FTT included in the Company's condensed consolidated statement of operations for the nine months ended September 29, 2019 are $37.7 million and $1.0 million, respectively. Included in the merger and acquisition

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expenses for the nine months ended September 29, 2019 are transaction expenses of $1.3 million related to the acquisition of FTT.

A summary of the consideration paid for the acquired ownership in FTT is as follow:
Cash paid
 
$
20.7

Deferred purchase consideration
 
15.3

Common stock issued
 
27.0

 
 
63.0

Less: Cash acquired
 
(3.0
)
Total consideration
 
$
60.0

 
 
 


Pro Forma Financial Information

The following tables summarize the supplemental condensed consolidated statements of operations information on an unaudited pro forma basis as if the acquisition of FTT occurred on December 31, 2018 and include adjustments that were directly attributable to the foregoing transactions. There are no material, nonrecurring pro forma adjustments directly attributable to the business combination included in the reported pro forma revenue and earnings. The pro forma results are for illustrative purposes only for the applicable period and do not purport to be indicative of the actual results that would have occurred had the transaction been completed as of the beginning of the period, nor are they indicative of results of operations that may occur in the future:

For the nine months ended September 29, 2019 (all amounts, except per share amounts, are in millions):
Pro forma revenues
$
540.5

Pro forma net income before tax
$
10.6

Pro forma net income
$
11.8

Pro forma net income attributable to Kratos
$
11.6

 
 
Basic pro forma income per share attributable to Kratos
$
0.11

Diluted pro forma income per share attributable to Kratos
$
0.11

 
 


The weighted average common shares used to calculate income per share also reflects the issuance of 1,825,406 shares of our common stock in conjunction with the acquisition. Comparable amounts for the three months ended September 29, 2019 are not presented as the results for FTT for the quarter were fully included in the condensed consolidated financial statements.

Note 3. Revenue Recognition

The Company recognizes revenue in accordance with Accounting Standards Codification 606, Revenue from Contracts with Customers (“ASC 606”). Under ASC 606 revenue is recognized when a customer obtains control of promised goods or services. The amount of revenue recognized reflects the consideration that the Company expects to be entitled to receive in exchange for these goods or services.

To determine revenue recognition for arrangements that the Company determines are within the scope of ASC 606, the Company performs the following five steps: (i) identify the contract(s) with a customer; (ii) identify the performance obligations in the contract; (iii) determine the transaction price; (iv) allocate the transaction price to the performance obligations in the contract; and (v) recognize revenue when (or as) the entity satisfies a performance obligation. The Company only applies the five-step model to contracts when it is probable that the entity will collect the consideration it is entitled to in exchange for the goods or services it transfers to the customer. At contract inception, once the contract is determined to be within the scope of ASC 606, the Company assesses the goods or services promised within each contract and determines those that are performance obligations, and assesses whether each promised good or service is distinct. The Company then recognizes as revenue the amount of the transaction price that is allocated to the respective performance obligation when (or as) the performance obligation is satisfied.


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Table of Contents

A performance obligation is a promise in a contract to transfer a distinct good or service to the customer and is the unit of account in ASC 606. The majority of the Company’s contracts have a single performance obligation as the promise to transfer the individual goods or services is not separately identifiable from other promises in the contracts and, therefore, not distinct. For contracts with multiple performance obligations, the Company allocates the contract’s transaction price to each performance obligation based on the relative estimated standalone selling price of each distinct good or service in the contract. The primary method used to estimate standalone selling price is the expected-cost-plus-margin approach, under which the Company forecasts the expected costs of satisfying a performance obligation and then adds an appropriate margin for that distinct good or service.

Remaining Performance Obligations

The Company calculates revenues from remaining performance obligations as the dollar value of the remaining performance obligations on executed contracts. On September 29, 2019, the Company had approximately $608.7 million of remaining performance obligations. The Company expects to recognize approximately 27% of the remaining performance obligations as revenue in 2019, an additional 41% by 2020, and the balance thereafter.

Contract Estimates

Due to the nature of the work required to be performed on many performance obligations, the estimation of total revenue and cost at completion is complex, subject to many variables and requires significant judgment. It is common for the Company’s long-term contracts to contain award fees, incentive fees, or other provisions that can either increase or decrease the transaction price. These variable amounts generally are awarded upon achievement of certain performance metrics, program milestones or cost targets and can be based upon customer discretion. Variable consideration is estimated at the most likely amount to which the Company is expected to be entitled. Estimated amounts are included in the transaction price to the extent it is probable that a significant reversal of cumulative revenue recognized will not occur when the uncertainty associated with the variable consideration is resolved. Estimates of variable consideration and determination of whether to include estimated amounts in the transaction price are based largely on an assessment of the Company’s anticipated performance and all information (historical, current and forecasted) that is reasonably available.

Contracts are often modified to account for changes in contract specifications and requirements. Contract modifications are considered to exist when the modification either creates new or changes the existing enforceable rights and obligations. Most of the Company’s contract modifications are for goods or services that are not distinct from the existing contract due to the significant integration service provided in the context of the contract and are accounted for as if they were part of that existing contract. The effect of a contract modification on the transaction price, and the measure of progress for the performance obligation to which it relates, is recognized as an adjustment to revenue (either as an increase in or a reduction of revenue) on a cumulative catch-up basis.

There is a Company-wide standard and disciplined quarterly Estimate at Completion (EAC) process in which management reviews the progress and execution of outstanding performance obligations. As part of this process, management reviews information including, but not limited to, any outstanding key contract matters, progress towards completion and the related program schedule, identified risks and opportunities and the related changes in estimates of revenues and costs. The risks and opportunities include management's judgment about the ability and cost to achieve the schedule (e.g., the number and type of milestone events), technical requirements (e.g., a newly-developed product versus a mature product) and other contract requirements. Management must make assumptions and estimates regarding labor productivity and availability, the complexity of the work to be performed, the availability of materials, the length of time to complete the performance obligation (e.g., to estimate increases in wages and prices for materials and related support cost allocations), execution by subcontractors, the availability and timing of funding from customers and overhead cost rates, among other variables.

Based on this analysis, any quarterly adjustments to net sales, cost of sales, and the related impact to operating income are recognized as necessary in the period they become known. These adjustments may result from positive program performance, and may result in an increase in operating income during the performance of individual performance obligations, if it is determined the Company will be successful in mitigating risks surrounding the technical, schedule and cost aspects of those performance obligations or realizing related opportunities. Likewise, these adjustments may result in a decrease in operating income if it is determined the Company will not be successful in mitigating these risks or realizing related opportunities. Changes in estimates of net sales, cost of sales and the related impact to operating income are recognized quarterly on a cumulative catch-up basis, which recognizes in the current period the cumulative effect of the changes on current and prior periods based on a performance obligation's percentage of completion. A significant change in one or more of these estimates could affect the profitability of one or more of the Company’s performance obligations. When estimates of total costs to be incurred on a performance obligation exceed total estimates of revenue to be earned, a provision for the entire loss on the

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performance obligation is recognized in the period the loss is determined. No adjustment on any one contract was material to the Company’s unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements for the nine-month periods ended September 29, 2019, and September 30, 2018.

Contract Assets and Liabilities

For each of the Company’s contracts, the timing of revenue recognition, customer billings, and cash collections results in a net contract asset or liability at the end of each reporting period. Fixed-price contracts are typically billed to the customer either using progress payments, whereby amounts are billed monthly as costs are incurred or work is completed, or performance based payments, which are based upon the achievement of specific, measurable events or accomplishments defined and valued at contract inception. Cost-type contracts are typically billed to the customer on a monthly or semi-monthly basis.

Contract assets consist of unbilled receivables, primarily related to long-term contracts where revenue recognized under the cost-to-cost method exceeds amounts billed to customers. Unbilled receivables are classified as current assets and, in accordance with industry practice, include amounts that may be billed and collected beyond one year due to the long term nature of many of the Company’s contracts. Accumulated contract costs in unbilled receivables include direct production costs, factory and engineering overhead, production tooling costs, and, for government contracts, recovery of allowable general and administrative expenses. Unbilled receivables also include certain estimates of variable consideration described above. These contract assets are not considered a significant financing component of the Company’s contracts as the payment terms are intended to protect the customer in the event the Company does not perform on its obligations under the contract.

Contract liabilities include advance payments and billings in excess of revenue recognized. Certain customers make advance payments prior to the satisfaction of the Company’s performance obligations on the contract. These amounts are recorded as contract liabilities until such performance obligations are satisfied, either over time as costs are incurred or at a point in time when deliveries are made. Contract liabilities are not a significant financing component as they are generally utilized to pay for contract costs within a one-year period or are used to ensure the customer meets contractual requirements.

Net contract assets and liabilities are as follows (in millions):
 
September 29, 2019
 
December 30, 2018
 
Net Change
Contract assets
$
176.2

 
$
172.8

 
$
3.4

Contract liabilities
$
34.0

 
$
37.0

 
$
(3.0
)
Net contract assets
$
142.2

 
$
135.8

 
$
6.4



The change in the balances of the Company’s contract assets and liabilities primarily results from the increases and decreases in advance payments from customers differing from the amount of revenue recognized as performance obligations were satisfied and the related billings. There were no significant impairment losses related to any receivables or contract assets arising from the Company’s contracts with customers during the nine months ended September 29, 2019. For the nine months ended September 29, 2019 and September 30, 2018 the Company recognized revenue of $26.6 million and $14.5 million, respectively, that was previously included in the beginning balance of contract liabilities.


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Disaggregation of Revenue

The following series of tables presents the Company’s revenue disaggregated by several categories. For the majority of contracts, the customer obtains control or receives benefits as work is performed on the contract. Revenue by contract type was as follows (in millions):

Three Months Ended
 
Nine Months Ended
 
September 29, 2019

September 30, 2018
 
September 29, 2019
 
September 30, 2018
Kratos Government Solutions
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Fixed price
$
114.6

 
$
108.5

 
$
346.2

 
$
311.8

Cost plus fee
15.6

 
10.3

 
39.1

 
24.7

Time and materials
8.2

 
7.3

 
24.0

 
20.4

Total Kratos Government Solutions
138.4

 
126.1

 
409.3

 
356.9

Unmanned Systems
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Fixed price
38.9

 
25.9

 
100.1

 
76.9

Cost plus fee
6.6

 
7.1

 
22.1

 
18.5

Time and materials
0.2

 
0.3

 
0.9

 
1.3

Total Unmanned Systems
45.7

 
33.3

 
123.1

 
96.7

Total Revenues
$
184.1

 
$
159.4

 
$
532.4

 
$
453.6


Revenue by customer was as follows (in millions):
 
Three Months Ended
 
Nine Months Ended
 
September 29, 2019

September 30, 2018
 
September 29, 2019
 
September 30, 2018
Kratos Government Solutions
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
U.S. Government (1)
$
89.1

 
$
90.8

 
$
272.2

 
$
245.3

International (2)
29.6

 
22.3

 
82.9

 
66.7

U.S. Commercial and other customers
19.7

 
13.0

 
54.2

 
44.9

Total Kratos Government Solutions
138.4

 
126.1

 
409.3

 
356.9

Unmanned Systems
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
U.S. Government (1)
37.1

 
30.0

 
104.8

 
83.0

International (2)
8.3

 
2.7

 
17.3

 
13.0

U.S. Commercial and other customers
0.3

 
0.6

 
1.0

 
0.7

Total Unmanned Systems
45.7

 
33.3

 
123.1

 
96.7

Total Revenues
$
184.1

 
$
159.4

 
$
532.4

 
$
453.6



(1) Sales to the U.S. Government include sales from contracts for which the Company is the prime contractor, as well as those for which the
Company is a subcontractor and the ultimate customer is the U.S. Government. Each of the Company’s segments derives substantial revenue
from the U.S. Government. These sales include foreign military sales contracted through the U.S. Government.

(2) International sales include sales from contracts for which the Company is the prime contractor, as well as those for which the Company is a
subcontractor and the ultimate customer is an international customer. These sales include direct sales with governments outside the U.S. and
commercial sales with customers outside the U.S.

Note 4. Discontinued Operations

On February 28, 2018, the Company entered into a Stock Purchase Agreement to sell the operations of Kratos Public Safety & Security Solutions, Inc., a Delaware corporation and wholly owned subsidiary of the Company (“PSS”), to Securitas Electronic Security, Inc., a Delaware corporation (“Buyer”). On June 11, 2018, the Company completed the sale of all of the issued and outstanding capital stock of PSS to Buyer for a purchase price of $69 million in cash, subject to a closing net working capital adjustment (the “Transaction”). The Company and the Buyer are currently in a dispute regarding the closing net working capital adjustment. The amount in dispute is approximately $8 million.

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Including amounts received to date, the Company currently expects to receive approximately $70 million of aggregate net cash proceeds from the Transaction, after taking into account amounts to be paid by the Company pursuant to a negotiated transaction services agreement between the Company and Buyer, receipt by the Company of approximately $7.0 million in net working capital retained by the Company, and associated transaction fees and expenses, excluding the impact of the final settlement and determination of the closing net working capital adjustment. The Company currently expects that the net working capital retained by the Company will be settled in 2019 once certain legacy projects are completed and the project close-out process has been completed. Through September 29, 2019, approximately $2.4 million has been collected related to these legacy projects. The Company incurred approximately $2.7 million of transaction related costs, which was reflected in the loss from discontinued operations in the periods incurred. The Company currently expects to recognize a net break-even on the sale of the PSS business once the aggregate net proceeds described above have been collected, excluding the impact of the final settlement and determination of the closing net working capital adjustment. Any changes or adjustments to the expected net proceeds will be reflected in future periods.

The following table presents the results of discontinued operations (in millions):
 
Three Months Ended
 
Nine Months Ended
 
September 29, 2019

September 30, 2018
 
September 29, 2019
 
September 30, 2018
Revenue
$
0.2

 
$
0.9

 
$
0.3

 
$
44.0

Cost of sales

 
0.4