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Table of Contents
UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549
FORM 10-Q
 
      QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
 
For the Quarterly Period Ended September 27, 2020
or 
        TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the transition period from __________ to __________ 
Commission file number 001-34460
 
KRATOS DEFENSE & SECURITY SOLUTIONS, INC.
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)
Delaware13-3818604
(State or other jurisdiction of
incorporation or organization)
(I.R.S. Employer Identification No.)
10680 Treena St., Suite 600
San Diego, CA 92131
(858812-7300
(Address, including zip code, and telephone number, including
area code, of registrant’s principal executive offices)

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:
Title of each classTrading Symbol(s)Name of each exchange on which registered
Common Stock, $0.001 par valueKTOSThe NASDAQ Global Select Market
 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.   Yes ý  No o
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (Section 232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files).   Yes ý  No o
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company,” and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.
Large accelerated filer
ý
Accelerated filer
 
Non-accelerated filer
Smaller reporting company
Emerging growth company
If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act.  o
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).   Yes   No 
As of October 23, 2020, 122,756,128 shares of the registrant’s common stock were outstanding.


Table of Contents
KRATOS DEFENSE & SECURITY SOLUTIONS, INC.
 
FORM 10-Q
 
FOR THE QUARTERLY PERIOD ENDED SEPTEMBER 27, 2020
 
INDEX
  Page
  
   
  
 
  
 
 
 
  
  
  
  
 
  
  
  
  
  
  
  
2

Table of Contents
PART I. FINANCIAL INFORMATION

Item 1.  Financial Statements.
3

Table of Contents
KRATOS DEFENSE & SECURITY SOLUTIONS, INC.
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS
 (in millions, except par value and number of shares)
 September 27, 2020
(Unaudited)December 29, 2019
Assets  
Current assets:  
Cash and cash equivalents$374.7 $172.6 
Restricted cash0.7  
Accounts receivable, net83.9 85.0 
Unbilled receivables, net192.7 179.4 
Inventoried costs78.3 61.1 
Prepaid expenses17.9 9.4 
Other current assets22.6 11.4 
Current assets of discontinued operations 3.3 
Total current assets770.8 522.2 
Property, plant and equipment, net136.1 116.9 
Operating lease right-of-use assets40.1 42.1 
Goodwill475.3 455.6 
Intangible assets, net42.0 39.5 
Other assets8.9 9.7 
Total assets$1,473.2 $1,186.0 
Liabilities and Stockholders Equity
  
Current liabilities:  
Accounts payable$54.7 $53.8 
Accrued expenses28.8 32.7 
Accrued compensation45.4 37.1 
Accrued interest6.4 1.6 
Billings in excess of costs and earnings on uncompleted contracts36.3 34.3 
Current portion of operating lease liabilities8.9 9.9 
Other current liabilities16.2 10.0 
Current liabilities of discontinued operations3.0 3.3 
Total current liabilities199.7 182.7 
Long-term debt300.3 295.1 
Operating lease liabilities, net of current portion35.7 37.6 
Other long-term liabilities84.7 78.7 
Long-term liabilities of discontinued operations2.6 2.8 
Total liabilities623.0 596.9 
Commitments and contingencies (Note 15)
Redeemable noncontrolling interest14.9 15.0 
Stockholders equity:
  
Preferred stock, $0.001 par value, 5,000,000 shares authorized, 0 shares outstanding at September 27, 2020 and December 29, 2019
  
Common stock, $0.001 par value, 195,000,000 shares authorized; 122,755,405 and 106,635,508 shares issued and outstanding at September 27, 2020 and December 29, 2019, respectively
  
Additional paid-in capital1,545.4 1,286.5 
Accumulated other comprehensive loss0.4 (0.4)
Accumulated deficit(710.5)(712.0)
Total stockholders equity
835.3 574.1 
Total liabilities and stockholders equity
$1,473.2 $1,186.0 
The accompanying notes are an integral part of these condensed consolidated financial statements.
4

Table of Contents
KRATOS DEFENSE & SECURITY SOLUTIONS, INC.
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS AND COMPREHENSIVE INCOME
(in millions, except per share amounts)
 (Unaudited)
 Three Months EndedNine Months Ended
 September 27, 2020September 29, 2019September 27, 2020September 29, 2019
Service revenues$67.6 $70.8 $194.1 $207.1 
Product sales134.4 113.3 347.2 325.3 
Total revenues202.0 184.1 541.3 532.4 
Cost of service revenues50.5 50.2 141.9 142.8 
Cost of product sales94.4 85.3 250.5 248.0 
Total costs144.9 135.5 392.4 390.8 
Gross profit57.1 48.6 148.9 141.6 
Selling, general and administrative expenses36.3 32.5 107.2 97.7 
Merger and acquisition expenses0.1 0.1 1.5 1.9 
Research and development expenses7.7 4.6 19.4 13.0 
Restructuring expenses and other0.3 (0.1)0.5 0.3 
Operating income from continuing operations12.7 11.5 20.3 28.7 
Other expense:    
Interest expense, net(5.9)(5.4)(16.9)(16.2)
Other income (expense), net0.8 (0.7)0.6 (1.1)
Total other expense, net(5.1)(6.1)(16.3)(17.3)
Income from continuing operations before income taxes7.6 5.4 4.0 11.4 
Provision for income taxes from continuing operations5.0 2.8 1.8 3.8 
Income from continuing operations2.6 2.6 2.2 7.6 
Discontinued operations:
Income(loss) from operations of discontinued component (0.2) (1.0)2.4 
Income tax benefit  0.2  
Income (loss) from discontinued operations(0.2) (0.8)2.4 
Net income2.4 2.6 1.4 10.0 
Less: Net income (loss) attributable to noncontrolling interest 0.1 (0.1)0.5 
Net income attributable to Kratos$2.4 $2.5 $1.5 $9.5 
Basic income per common share attributable to Kratos:    
Income from continuing operations$0.02 $0.02 $0.02 $0.07 
Income (loss) from discontinued operations  (0.01)0.02 
Net income per common share$0.02 $0.02 $0.01 $0.09 
Diluted income per common share attributable to Kratos:
Income from continuing operations$0.02 $0.02 $0.02 $0.07 
Income (loss) from discontinued operations  (0.01)0.02 
Net income per common share$0.02 $0.02 $0.01 $0.09 
Weighted average common shares outstanding:
Basic123.1 106.5 112.9 105.8 
Diluted126.4 109.9 115.9 109.0 
Comprehensive Income
Net income (from above)$2.4 $2.6 $1.4 $10.0 
Change in cumulative translation adjustment0.9 (0.2)0.8 (0.3)
Comprehensive income3.3 2.4 2.2 9.7 
Less: Comprehensive income (loss) attributable to noncontrolling interest 0.1 (0.1)0.5 
Comprehensive income attributable to Kratos$3.3 $2.3 $2.3 $9.2 
 
The accompanying notes are an integral part of these condensed consolidated financial statements.
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KRATOS DEFENSE & SECURITY SOLUTIONS, INC.
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY
For the three months ended September 29, 2019 and September 27, 2020
(in millions)
(Unaudited)
Redeemable Noncontrolling InterestCommon StockAdditional Paid-In CapitalAccumulated Other Comprehensive LossAccumulated DeficitTotal Stockholders’ Equity
SharesAmounts
Balance, June 30, 2019$15.4 $105.9 $ $1,277.8 $(0.8)$(717.5)$559.5 
Stock-based compensation— — — 2.8 — — 2.8 
Issuance of common stock for employee stock purchase plan, options and warrants
— 0.3 — 2.2 — — 2.2 
Restricted stock issued and related taxes
— 0.1 — (0.1)— — (0.1)
Net income0.1 — — — — 2.5 2.5 
Other comprehensive loss, net of tax— — — — (0.2)— (0.2)
Balance, September 29, 2019$15.5 106.3 $ $1,282.7 $(1.0)$(715.0)$566.7 
Redeemable Noncontrolling InterestCommon StockAdditional Paid-In CapitalAccumulated Other Comprehensive LossAccumulated DeficitTotal Stockholders’ Equity
SharesAmounts
Balance, June 28, 2020$14.9 122.5 $ $1,537.9 $(0.5)$(712.9)$824.5 
Stock-based compensation— — — 5.0 — — 5.0 
Issuance of common stock for employee stock purchase plan, options and warrants
— 0.2 — 2.7 — — 2.7 
Restricted stock issued and related taxes
—  — (0.1)— — (0.1)
Issuance of common stock for cash
— — — (0.1)— — (0.1)
Net income— — — — — 2.4 2.4 
Other comprehensive income, net of tax— — — — 0.9 — 0.9 
Balance, September 27, 2020$14.9 122.7 $ $1,545.4 $0.4 $(710.5)$835.3 
The accompanying notes are an integral part of these condensed consolidated financial statements.

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KRATOS DEFENSE & SECURITY SOLUTIONS, INC.
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY
For the nine months ended September 29, 2019 and September 27, 2020
(in millions)
(Unaudited)
Redeemable Noncontrolling InterestCommon StockAdditional Paid-In CapitalAccumulated Other Comprehensive LossAccumulated DeficitTotal Stockholders’ Equity
SharesAmounts
Balance, December 30, 2018$ 103.8 $ $1,244.5 $(0.7)$(724.5)$519.3 
Stock-based compensation— — — 8.2 — — 8.2 
Issuance of common stock for employee stock purchase plan, options and warrants
— 0.5 — 3.9 — — 3.9 
Restricted stock issued and related taxes— 0.2 — (0.9)— — (0.9)
Issuance of common stock for acquisitions
— 1.8 — 27.0 — — 27.0 
Net income0.5 — — — — 9.5 9.5 
Other comprehensive loss, net of tax
— — — — (0.3)— (0.3)
Changes in noncontrolling interest15.0 — — — — —  
Balance, September 29, 201915.5 106.3 $ $1,282.7 $(1.0)$(715.0)$566.7 
Redeemable Noncontrolling InterestCommon StockAdditional Paid-In CapitalAccumulated Other Comprehensive LossAccumulated DeficitTotal Stockholders’ Equity
SharesAmounts
Balance, December 29, 2019$15.0 106.6 $ $1,286.5 $(0.4)$(712.0)$574.1 
Stock-based compensation— — — 14.5 — — 14.5 
Issuance of common stock for employee stock purchase plan, options and warrants
— 0.4 — 5.3 — — 5.3 
Restricted stock issued and related taxes
— 0.2 — (1.3)— — (1.3)
Issuance of common stock for cash— 15.5 — 240.4 — — 240.4 
Net Income (loss)(0.1)— —  — 1.5 1.5 
Other comprehensive income, net of tax— — —  0.8 — 0.8 
Balance, September 27, 2020$14.9 122.7 $ $1,545.4 $0.4 $(710.5)$835.3 
The accompanying notes are an integral part of these condensed consolidated financial statements.
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KRATOS DEFENSE & SECURITY SOLUTIONS, INC.
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS
(in millions)
(Unaudited)
Nine Months Ended
September 27, 2020September 29, 2019
Operating activities: 
Net income$1.4 $10.0 
Income (loss) from discontinued operations(0.8)2.4 
Income from continuing operations2.2 7.6 
Adjustments to reconcile income from continuing operations to net cash provided by operating activities from continuing operations:  
Depreciation and amortization18.5 16.8 
Amortization of lease right-of-use assets7.3 8.7 
Stock-based compensation14.5 8.2 
Deferred income taxes(0.3)(4.1)
Amortization of deferred financing costs0.7 0.7 
Provision for doubtful accounts0.2  
Changes in assets and liabilities, net of acquisitions:  
Accounts receivable6.4 7.4 
Unbilled receivables(12.3)2.0 
Inventoried costs(4.8)(10.3)
Prepaid expenses and other assets(15.8)(0.2)
Operating lease liabilities(8.0)(3.1)
Accounts payable(1.7)(6.5)
Accrued expenses(4.9)(0.3)
Accrued compensation6.5 0.9 
Accrued interest4.8 4.8 
Billings in excess of costs and earnings on uncompleted contracts(2.7)(2.8)
Income tax receivable and payable(1.4)1.7 
Other liabilities9.9 (1.3)
Net cash provided by operating activities from continuing operations19.1 30.2 
Investing activities:  
Cash paid for acquisitions, net of cash acquired(43.9)(17.6)
Capital expenditures(23.0)(17.9)
Proceeds from sale of assets0.1 0.3 
Net cash used in investing activities from continuing operations(66.8)(35.2)
Financing activities: 
Proceeds from the issuance of long-term debt4.8  
Proceeds from the issuance of common stock, net of issuance costs240.4  
Repayment of debt(0.7) 
Payments under finance leases(0.5)(0.4)
Proceeds from exercise of restricted stock units, employee stock options, and employee stock purchase plan4.0 3.0 
Net cash provided by financing activities from continuing operations248.0 2.6 
Net cash flows of continuing operations200.3 (2.4)
Net operating cash flows of discontinued operations2.1 0.8 
Effect of exchange rate changes on cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash0.4 (0.4)
Net increase (decrease) in cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash202.8 (2.0)
Cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash at beginning of period172.6 183.0 
Cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash at end of period$375.4 $181.0 
The accompanying notes are an integral part of these condensed consolidated financial statements.
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KRATOS DEFENSE & SECURITY SOLUTIONS, INC.
 
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
 
(Unaudited)
 
Note 1. Summary of Significant Accounting Policies
 
All references to the “Company” and “Kratos” refer to Kratos Defense & Security Solutions, Inc., a Delaware corporation, and its subsidiaries.
 
(a)    Basis of Presentation

 The information as of September 27, 2020 and for the three and nine months ended September 27, 2020 and September 29, 2019 is unaudited. The condensed consolidated balance sheet as of December 29, 2019 was derived from the Company’s audited consolidated financial statements at that date. In the opinion of management, these unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements include all adjustments, consisting of normal recurring adjustments necessary for a fair presentation of the Company’s financial position, results of operations and cash flows for the interim periods presented. The results have been prepared in accordance with the instructions to Form 10-Q and do not necessarily include all information and footnotes necessary for presentation in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the U.S. (“GAAP”). These unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements should be read in conjunction with the consolidated financial statements and the related notes included in the Company’s audited annual consolidated financial statements for the fiscal year ended December 29, 2019, included in the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K filed with the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission (the “SEC”) on February 24, 2020 (the “Form 10-K”). Interim operating results are not necessarily indicative of operating results expected in subsequent periods or for the year as a whole.

(b)    Principles of Consolidation
 
The condensed consolidated financial statements include the accounts of the Company, its 100% owned subsidiaries and its majority owned subsidiaries, FTT Inc. and FTT Core (each as defined below), each of which is 80.1% owned. All inter-company transactions have been eliminated in consolidation. Noncontrolling interest consists of the remaining 19.9% interest in FTT Inc. and FTT Core. See Note 12 for further information related to the redeemable noncontrolling interest.
 
(c)    Fiscal Year
 
The Company has a 52/53 week fiscal year ending on the last Sunday of the calendar year. The three month periods ended September 27, 2020 and September 29, 2019 consisted of 13-week periods. The nine month periods ended September 27, 2020 and September 29, 2019 consisted of 39-week periods. There are 52 calendar weeks in the fiscal years ending on December 27, 2020 and December 29, 2019.
 
(d)    Accounting Estimates

There have been no significant changes in the Company’s accounting estimates for the nine months ended September 27, 2020 as compared to the accounting estimates described in the Form 10-K.

(e)    Accounting Standards Updates

In June 2016, the FASB issued ASU 2016-13 (“ASU 2016-13”), Financial Instruments-Credit Losses (Topic 326): Measurement of Credit Losses on Financial Instruments. The main objective of this update is to provide financial statement users with more decision-useful information about the expected credit losses on financial instruments and other commitments to extend credit held by a reporting entity at each reporting date. To achieve this objective, the amendments in this update replace the incurred loss impairment methodology in current GAAP with a methodology that reflects expected credit losses and requires consideration of a broader range of reasonable and supportable information to inform credit loss estimates. ASU 2016-13 is effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2019, including interim periods within those fiscal years. The Company has adopted ASU 2016-13 effective December 30, 2019. The implementation of this guidance did not have a material impact on its unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements.

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(f)    Fair Value of Financial Instruments
 
The carrying amounts and the related estimated fair values of the Company’s long-term debt financial instruments not measured at fair value on a recurring basis at September 27, 2020 and December 29, 2019 are presented in Note 10. The carrying value of all other financial instruments, including cash equivalents, accounts receivable, unbilled receivables, accounts payable, accrued expenses, billings in excess of cost and earnings on uncompleted contracts, income taxes payable and short-term debt, approximated their estimated fair values at September 27, 2020 and December 29, 2019 due to the short-term nature of these instruments.

Note 2. Acquisitions

FTT Entities

On February 27, 2019, the Company acquired 80.1% of the issued and outstanding shares of capital stock of Florida Turbine Technologies Inc., a Florida corporation (“FTT Inc.”), and 80.1% of the membership interests in FTT CORE, LLC, a Delaware limited liability company (“FTT Core” and, together with FTT Inc. and their respective subsidiaries, “FTT”), for an aggregate purchase price of approximately $60 million. The purchase price was $33 million in cash, with approximately $17.7 million paid at close and approximately $15.3 million to be paid over a three-year period, subject to adjustments for transaction expenses, indebtedness, cash on hand, certain amounts payable or potentially payable to employees of FTT and post-closing working capital adjustments, and 1,825,406 shares of common stock (with a value of approximately $27 million). On October 6, 2020, final proceeds related to net working capital adjustments of $1.95 million were distributed to the shareholders of FTT.

FTT is a leading turbomachinery design and manufacturing company specializing in engineering, development, and testing of gas turbines, propulsion components, engine and other systems for military and commercial applications. FTT is now the Kratos Turbine Technologies Division (the “KTT Division”), which is focused on the development and production of small, affordable, high-performance jet engines for the next generation of tactical weapon systems and tactical jet unmanned aerial systems. The KTT Division is included in the Kratos Government Solutions (“KGS”) segment.

The excess of the purchase price over the fair value of the tangible and identifiable intangible assets acquired and liabilities assumed in the acquisition was allocated to goodwill. The goodwill represents the value the Company expects to be created by enabling it to accelerate FTT’s small engine development programs, and facilitate integration of these leading-edge engine solutions with evolving Kratos tactical systems.

Simultaneously with the execution of the Purchase Agreement among the Company and the Sellers (as defined in such agreement) (the “Purchase Agreement”) and completion of the acquisition, the Company, FTT Inc., FTT Core and the Sellers entered into an exchange agreement (the “Exchange Agreement”) pursuant to which, among other things, (i) FTT Core was converted into a Delaware corporation, (ii) beginning in January 2024, the Holders (as defined in the Exchange Agreement) will have an annual right (the “Put Right”) to sell all of the minority interests in FTT Inc. and FTT Core (the “Minority Interests”) to the Company at a purchase price based on a specified multiple of the trailing 12 months EBITDA of FTT Inc., FTT Core and each of their respective subsidiaries (the “Acquired Companies”), subject to adjustment as set forth in the Exchange Agreement (the “Minority Interest Purchase Price”) (provided, however, that following certain events, including a change of control, the Put Right will be accelerated and the Minority Interest Purchase Price will be a specified increased multiple of the trailing 12 months EBITDA of the Acquired Companies), and (iii) beginning in January 2025, the Company will have an annual right to purchase all of the Minority Interests from the Holders at the Minority Interest Purchase Price.

The transaction has been accounted for using the acquisition method of accounting, which requires, among other things, that the assets acquired, the liabilities assumed, and the noncontrolling interest be recognized at their fair values as of the acquisition date. The fair value measurements are based primarily on significant inputs not observable in the marketplace and
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thus represent Level 3 measurements. The following table summarizes the allocation of the purchase price over the estimated fair values of the major assets acquired, liabilities assumed, and noncontrolling interest (in millions):
Accounts receivable $8.1 
Unbilled receivables4.9 
Inventoried costs7.8 
Other current assets1.8 
Property and equipment5.7 
Intangible assets30.8 
Goodwill23.3 
  Total identifiable net assets acquired82.4 
Total identifiable net liabilities assumed(7.5)
  Net assets before noncontrolling interest74.9 
Noncontrolling interest(14.9)
  Net assets acquired, excluding cash $60.0 

As of February 27, 2019, net liabilities included $7.5 million of current liabilities. There was no contingent purchase consideration associated with the acquisition of an 80.1% majority interest in FTT. The identifiable intangible assets include customer relationships of $19.7 million with a useful life of 13 years, in-process research and development of $8.5 million that will commence amortization at the completion of the development project, backlog of $2.1 million with a useful life of two years, and trade name of $0.5 million with a useful life of two years. The Company also established a deferred tax liability of $7.0 million for the increase in the financial statement basis of the acquired assets of FTT and a corresponding increase in goodwill. The goodwill recorded in this transaction is not expected to be tax-deductible.

The amounts of revenue and operating loss of FTT included in the Company's condensed consolidated statement of operations for the three months ended September 29, 2019 were $16.3 million and $0.7 million, respectively. The amounts of revenue and operating income of FTT included in the Company's condensed consolidated statement of operations for the nine months ended September 29, 2019 were $37.7 million and $1.0 million, respectively. Included in Merger and acquisition expenses for the nine months ended September 29, 2019 were transaction expenses of $1.3 million, related to the acquisition of FTT.

A summary of the consideration paid for the acquired ownership in FTT is as follow:
Cash paid$20.7 
Deferred purchase consideration15.3 
Common stock issued 27.0 
63.0 
Less: Cash acquired(3.0)
Total consideration$60.0 
Pro Forma Financial Information

The following tables summarize the supplemental condensed consolidated statements of operations information on an unaudited pro forma basis as if the acquisition of FTT occurred on December 31, 2018 and include adjustments that were directly attributable to the foregoing transactions. There are no material, nonrecurring pro forma adjustments directly attributable to the business combination included in the reported pro forma revenue and earnings. The pro forma results are for illustrative purposes only for the applicable period and do not purport to be indicative of the actual results that would have occurred had the transaction been completed as of the beginning of the period, nor are they indicative of results of operations that may occur in the future.

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For the nine months ended September 29, 2019 (all amounts, except per share amounts, are in millions):
Pro forma revenues$540.5 
Pro forma net income before tax$10.6 
Pro forma net income$11.8 
Pro forma net income attributable to Kratos$11.6 
Basic pro forma income per share attributable to Kratos$0.11 
Diluted pro forma income per share attributable to Kratos$0.11 
The weighted average common shares used to calculate income per share also reflects the issuance of 1,825,406 shares of our common stock in conjunction with the acquisition. Comparable amounts for the three months ended September 29, 2019 are not presented as the results for FTT for the quarter were fully included in the condensed consolidated financial statements.

Technical Directions, Inc.

On February 24, 2020, the Company acquired Technical Directions, Inc.(“TDI”), a turbine technology company focused on tactical unmanned aerial drones, missile and other systems for approximately $10.5 million in cash, subject to adjustments for transaction expenses, indebtedness, cash on hand, and post-closing working capital adjustments. Working capital adjustments of $0.3 million were settled in the third quarter of 2020. The allocation of the total consideration for this acquisition to the tangible and identifiable intangible assets acquired and liabilities assumed is preliminary until the Company obtains final information regarding their fair values. However, the Company does not expect any adjustment to such allocations to be material to the Company's consolidated financial statements. The operating results of the acquisition have been included in the Company’s results of operations from the effective acquisition date. The amount of net sales and earnings of TDI included in the condensed consolidated statement of operations for the nine months ended September 27, 2020 are not material. Had the acquisition occurred as of December 29, 2019, net sales, net income from consolidated operations, net income attributable to Kratos, and basic and diluted net income per share attributable to Kratos on a pro forma basis for the nine months ended September 27, 2020 would not have been materially different than the reported amounts. TDI is included in the Kratos Unmanned Systems (“US”) segment.

Optimized Performance Machining, Inc.

On April 17, 2020, the Company acquired Optimized Performance Machining, Inc.(“OPM”), a company that primarily operates in the industrial machinery and equipment repair business industry for approximately $1.8 million in cash, subject to adjustments for transaction expenses, indebtedness, cash on hand, and post-closing working capital adjustments. Working capital adjustments of $0.03 million were settled in the third quarter of 2020. The allocation of the total consideration for this acquisition to the tangible and identifiable intangible assets acquired and liabilities assumed is preliminary until the Company obtains final information regarding their fair values. However, the Company does not expect any adjustment to such allocations to be material to the Company's unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements. The operating results of the acquisition have been included in the Company’s results of operations from the effective acquisition date. The amount of net sales and earnings of OPM included in the condensed consolidated statement of operations for the nine months ended September 27, 2020 are not material. Had the acquisition occurred as of December 29, 2019, net sales, net income from consolidated operations, net income attributable to Kratos, and basic and diluted net income per share attributable to Kratos on a pro forma basis for the nine months ended September 27, 2020 would not have been materially different than the reported amounts. OPM is included in the Kratos US segment.

CPI ASC Signal Division, Inc.

On June 15, 2020, Kratos Integral Holdings, LLC entered into a Stock Purchase Agreement to acquire CPI ASC Signal Division, Inc. (“ASC Signal”) from Communications & Power Industries LLC for approximately $35 million in cash, subject to adjustments for transaction expenses, indebtedness, cash on hand, and working capital adjustments. ASC Signal is a manufacturer of high-performance, highly engineered antenna systems for satellite communications, radar, electronic warfare, and high frequency applications. On June 30, 2020, the acquisition was completed following the satisfaction of all closing conditions, including receipt of regulatory approval from all required government authorities.

The excess of the purchase price over the fair value of the tangible and identifiable intangible assets acquired and liabilities assumed in the acquisition was allocated to goodwill. The goodwill represents the value the Company expects to be created by integrating ASC Signal’s existing business with Kratos’ related products and customers.
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The transaction has been accounted for using the acquisition method of accounting, which requires, among other things, that the assets acquired and the liabilities assumed be recognized at their fair values as of the acquisition date. The fair value measurements are based primarily on significant inputs not observable in the marketplace and thus represent Level 3 measurements. The following table summarizes the preliminary allocation of the purchase price over the estimated fair values of the major assets acquired and liabilities assumed (in millions):
Accounts receivable $5.6 
Unbilled receivables0.9 
Inventoried costs10.4 
Other current assets3.2 
Property and equipment10.0 
Intangible assets4.3 
Goodwill9.7 
  Total identifiable net assets acquired44.1 
Total identifiable net liabilities assumed(11.2)
Net assets acquired, excluding cash$32.9 

Based on the Company’s preliminary estimate of fair value, as of June 30, 2020, net liabilities included $9.1 million of current liabilities. The identifiable intangible assets include trade names of $0.1 million with a remaining useful life of 1 year, customer relationships of $2.0 million with remaining useful lives of 5 years, and developed technology of $2.2 million with a remaining useful life of 7 years. The Company also established a deferred tax liability of $1.3 million for the difference between the financial statement basis and tax basis of the acquired assets of ASC Signal and a corresponding increase in goodwill. The goodwill recorded in this transaction is not expected to be tax-deductible.

The amounts of revenue and operating income of ASC Signal included in the Company's condensed consolidated statement of operations for the three months ended September 27, 2020 were $10.2 million and $0.7 million, respectively. Included in Merger and acquisition expenses for the three and nine months ended September 27, 2020 were transaction expenses of $0.1 million and $1.1 million, respectively, related to the acquisition of ASC Signal.

A summary of the consideration paid for the acquired ownership in ASC Signal is as follows:
Cash paid$34.9 
Less: Cash acquired(2.0)
Total consideration$32.9 

Pro Forma Financial Information

The following tables summarize the supplemental condensed consolidated statements of operations information on an unaudited pro forma basis as if the acquisition of ASC Signal occurred on December 30, 2019 and include adjustments that were directly attributable to the foregoing transactions. There are no material, nonrecurring pro forma adjustments directly attributable to the business combination included in the reported pro forma revenue and earnings (loss). The pro forma results are for illustrative purposes only for the applicable period and do not purport to be indicative of the actual results that would have occurred had the transaction been completed as of the beginning of the period, nor are they indicative of results of operations that may occur in the future.
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For the nine months ended September 27, 2020 (all amounts, except per share amounts, are in millions):
Pro forma revenues$559.1 
Pro forma net loss before tax$(0.7)
Pro forma net loss$(3.4)
Basic pro forma loss per share$(0.03)
Diluted pro forma loss per share$(0.03)
Note 3. Revenue Recognition

The Company recognizes revenue in accordance with Accounting Standards Codification 606, Revenue from Contracts with Customers (“ASC 606”). Under ASC 606 revenue is recognized when a customer obtains control of promised goods or services. The amount of revenue recognized reflects the consideration that the Company expects to be entitled to receive in exchange for these goods or services.

To determine revenue recognition for arrangements that the Company determines are within the scope of ASC 606, the Company performs the following five steps: (i) identify the contract(s) with a customer; (ii) identify the performance obligations in the contract; (iii) determine the transaction price; (iv) allocate the transaction price to the performance obligations in the contract; and (v) recognize revenue when (or as) the entity satisfies a performance obligation. Once the contract is identified and determined to be within the scope of ASC 606, the Company assesses the goods or services promised within each contract and determines those that are performance obligations, and assesses whether each promised good or service is distinct. The Company then recognizes as revenue the amount of the transaction price that is allocated to the respective performance obligation when (or as) the performance obligation is satisfied.

A performance obligation is a promise in a contract to transfer a distinct good or service to the customer and is the unit of account in ASC 606. The majority of the Company’s contracts have a single performance obligation as the promise to transfer the individual goods or services is not separately identifiable from other promises in the contracts and, therefore, not distinct. For contracts with multiple performance obligations, the Company allocates the contract’s transaction price to each performance obligation based on the relative standalone selling price of each distinct good or service in the contract. The primary method used to estimate standalone selling price is the expected-cost-plus-margin approach, under which the Company forecasts the expected costs of satisfying a performance obligation and then adds an appropriate margin for that distinct good or service.

Remaining Performance Obligations

    The Company calculates revenues from remaining performance obligations as the dollar value of the remaining performance obligations on executed contracts. On September 27, 2020, the Company had approximately $873.1 million of remaining performance obligations. The Company expects to recognize approximately 22% of the remaining performance obligations as revenue in 2020, an additional 35% by 2021, and the balance thereafter.

Contract Estimates

    Due to the nature of the work required to be performed on many performance obligations, the estimation of total revenue and cost at completion is complex, subject to many variables and requires significant judgment. On a quarterly basis, the Company conducts its contract cost Estimate at Completion (“EAC”) process by reviewing the progress and execution of outstanding performance obligations within its contracts. As part of this process, management reviews information including, but not limited to, any outstanding key contract matters, progress towards completion and the related program schedule, identified risks and opportunities and the related changes in estimates of revenues and costs. The risks and opportunities include management’s judgment about the ability and cost to achieve the schedule (e.g., the number and type of milestone events), technical requirements (e.g., a newly-developed product versus a mature product) and other contract requirements. Management must make assumptions and estimates regarding labor productivity and availability, the complexity of the work to be performed, the availability of materials, the length of time to complete the performance obligation (e.g., to estimate increases in wages and prices for materials and related support cost allocations), execution by subcontractors, the availability and timing of funding from customers and overhead cost rates, among other variables.

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    In addition, certain of the Company’s long-term contracts contain award fees, incentive fees, or other provisions that can either increase or decrease the transaction price. These variable amounts generally are awarded upon achievement of certain performance metrics, program milestones or cost targets and can be based upon customer discretion. Variable consideration is estimated at the most likely amount to which the Company is expected to be entitled. Estimated amounts are included in the transaction price to the extent it is probable that a significant reversal of cumulative revenue recognized will not occur when the uncertainty associated with the variable consideration is resolved. Estimates of variable consideration and determination of whether to include estimated amounts in the transaction price are based largely on an assessment of the Company’s anticipated performance and all information (historical, current and forecasted) that is reasonably available.

Contracts are often modified to account for changes in contract specifications and requirements. Contract modifications are considered to exist when the modification either creates new or changes the existing enforceable rights and obligations. Most of the Company’s contract modifications are for goods or services that are not distinct from the existing contract due to the significant integration service provided in the context of the contract and are accounted for as if they were part of that existing contract. The effect of a contract modification on the transaction price, and the measure of progress for the performance obligation to which it relates, is recognized as an adjustment to revenue (either as an increase in or a reduction of revenue) on a cumulative catch-up basis.

As a result of the EAC process, any quarterly adjustments to revenues, cost of sales, and the related impact to operating income are recognized as necessary in the period they become known. These adjustments may result from positive program performance, and may result in an increase in operating income during the performance of individual performance obligations, if it is determined the Company will be successful in mitigating risks surrounding the technical, schedule and cost aspects of those performance obligations or realizing related opportunities. Likewise, these adjustments may result in a decrease in operating income if it is determined the Company will not be successful in mitigating these risks or realizing related opportunities. Changes in estimates of net sales, cost of sales and the related impact to operating income are recognized quarterly on a cumulative catch-up basis, which recognizes in the current period the cumulative effect of the changes on current and prior periods. A significant change in one or more of these estimates could affect the profitability of one or more of the Company’s contracts. When estimates of total costs to be incurred on a performance obligation exceed total estimates of revenue to be earned, a provision for the entire loss on the performance obligation is recognized in the period the loss is determined. No cumulative catch-up adjustment on any one contract was material to the Company’s unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements for the three and nine-month periods ended September 27, 2020, and September 29, 2019. Likewise, total cumulative catch-up adjustments were not material for the three and nine-month periods ended September 27, 2020, and September 29, 2019.

Contract Assets and Liabilities

For each of the Company’s contracts, the timing of revenue recognition, customer billings, and cash collections results in a net contract asset or liability at the end of each reporting period. Fixed-price contracts are typically billed to the customer either using progress payments, whereby amounts are billed monthly as costs are incurred or work is completed, or performance based payments, which are based upon the achievement of specific, measurable events or accomplishments defined and valued at contract inception. Cost-type contracts are typically billed to the customer on a monthly or semi-monthly basis.

Contract assets consist of unbilled receivables, primarily related to long-term contracts where revenue recognized under the cost-to-cost method exceeds amounts billed to customers. Unbilled receivables are classified as current assets and, in accordance with industry practice, include amounts that may be billed and collected beyond one year due to the long term nature of many of the Company’s contracts. Accumulated contract costs in unbilled receivables include direct production costs, factory and engineering overhead, production tooling costs, and, for government contracts, recovery of allowable general and administrative expenses. Unbilled receivables also include certain estimates of variable consideration described above. The Company’s contracts that give rise to contract assets are not considered to include a significant financing component as the payment terms are intended to protect the customer in the event the Company does not perform on its obligations under the contract.

Contract liabilities include advance payments and billings in excess of revenue recognized. Certain customers make advance payments prior to the satisfaction of the Company’s performance obligations on the contract. These amounts are recorded as contract liabilities until such performance obligations are satisfied, either over time as costs are incurred or at a point in time when deliveries are made. The Company’s contracts that give rise to contract liabilities do not include a significant financing component as the underlying advance payments received are generally utilized to pay for contract costs within a one-year period or are used to ensure the customer meets contractual requirements.

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Net contract assets and liabilities are as follows (in millions):
September 27, 2020December 29, 2019Net Change
Contract assets$192.7 $179.4 $13.3 
Contract liabilities$36.3 $34.3 $2.0 
Net contract assets$156.4 $145.1 $11.3 

Contract assets increased $13.3 million during the nine months ended September 27, 2020, primarily due to the recognition of revenue related to the satisfaction or partial satisfaction of performance obligations for which the Company has not yet billed the customers. There were no significant impairment losses related to any receivables or contract assets arising from the Company’s contracts with customers during the nine months ended September 27, 2020. Contract liabilities increased $2.0 million during the nine months ended September 27, 2020, primarily due to payments received in excess of revenue recognized on these performance obligations. For the three and nine months ended September 27, 2020 the Company recognized revenue of $3.5 million and $23.5 million, respectively, that was previously included in the contract liabilities that existed at December 29, 2019. For the three and nine months ended September 29, 2019 the Company recognized revenue of $5.3 million and $26.6 million, respectively, that was previously included in the contract liabilities that existed at December 30, 2018.

In November 2019, a large training solutions program was terminated for convenience (“T for C”) by the customer. Under a T for C, a contractor is entitled to seek specified costs through a termination settlement process including (1) the contract price for completed supplies and services accepted by the government but not previously paid for; (2) the cost incurred in the performance of work terminated plus a reasonable profit on those costs; and (3) its costs incurred in settling with subcontractors and preparing and settling the termination proposal. Under a T for C, the Company would not be able to collect the total withheld amounts until the settlement terms of the T for C have been negotiated and agreed to with the customer. At September 27, 2020 and December 29, 2019, approximately $11.5 million in unbilled receivables remained outstanding on this project. In addition, the Company is currently in dispute with an international customer in the US segment over approximately $10.0 million in unbilled receivables outstanding as of September 27, 2020 and December 29, 2019. The dispute concerns the completion of certain system requirements and certain contractual milestones. Although there could be a delay in billing and collecting amounts due to the Company under the aforementioned contracts, management has evaluated the present facts of the matters and performed a reassessment of the contractual amounts due and has determined that no adjustment to previously recognized revenue, or the corresponding unbilled receivables, is necessary at September 27, 2020.
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Disaggregation of Revenue

The following series of tables presents the Company’s revenue disaggregated by several categories. For the majority of contracts, the customer obtains control or receives benefits as work is performed on the contract. Revenue by contract type was as follows (in millions):
Three Months EndedNine Months Ended
September 27, 2020September 29, 2019September 27, 2020September 29, 2019
Kratos Government Solutions
Fixed price$113.3 $114.6 $315.9 $346.2 
Cost plus fee27.7 15.6 62.9 39.1 
Time and materials7.5 8.2 25.0 24.0 
Total Kratos Government Solutions148.5 138.4 403.8 409.3 
Unmanned Systems
Fixed price39.6 38.9 95.5 100.1 
Cost plus fee12.9 6.6 39.8 22.1 
Time and materials1.0 0.2 2.2 0.9 
Total Unmanned Systems53.5 45.7 137.5 123.1 
Total Revenues$202.0 $184.1 $541.3 $532.4 

Revenue by customer was as follows (in millions):
Three Months EndedNine Months Ended
September 27, 2020September 29, 2019September 27, 2020September 29, 2019
Kratos Government Solutions
U.S. Government (1)
$98.7 $89.1 $273.4 $272.2 
International (2)
34.5 29.6 87.4 82.9 
U.S. Commercial and other customers15.3 19.7 43.0 54.2 
Total Kratos Government Solutions148.5 138.4 403.8 409.3 
Unmanned Systems
U.S. Government (1)
46.6 37.1 125.4 104.8 
International (2)
6.5 8.3 11.4 17.3 
U.S. Commercial and other customers0.4 0.3 0.7 1.0 
Total Unmanned Systems53.5 45.7 137.5 123.1 
Total Revenues$202.0 $